Nel 1883 furono introdotte le prime assicurazioni sociali volontarie contro gli infortuni; nel 1898 divennero obbligatorie. Nel 1890 un’importante riforma cominciò a estendere il controllo statale sulle strutture di assistenza sociale (Opere Pie).
Quando nasce stato sociale?
Lo stato sociale (in inglese: welfare state, lett. Le prime politiche dello stato sociale, come le pensioni pubbliche e le assicurazioni sociali, si svilupparono a partire dal 1880 nei paesi occidentali in via di industrializzazione.
Chi ha creato la pensione?
Otto Von Bismarck
Nel 1889 Otto Von Bismarck introdusse una previsione pensionistica per i dipendenti della pubblica amministrazione che garantiva la pensione ai lavoratori dipendenti e stabilì, appunto, l’età limite per usufruire di questo diritto.
What is the Social Security Act of 1935?
This is the Social Security Act of 1935. This Act provided for unemployment insurance, old-age insurance, and means-tested welfare programs. The only problem was that it didn’t include domestic workers and farm workers If playback doesn’t begin shortly, try restarting your device.
How was the Social Security Act designed to protect African Americans?
The Social Security Act was designed in such a way that it would exclude farmworkers and domestic workers while protecting the southern way of life. Most specifically farmworkers and domestic workers were excluded from old-age insurance as well as unemployment insurance, jobs that were heavily occupied by African Americans.
What do you not know about the Social Security Act?
What many people do not know about the Social Security Act was that it was designed to help workers in commerce and industry which at that time was only about half the jobs in the economy. One might ask how and why did the government only apply this new program to only about half the jobs in the economy? well the answer is easy.
How did the NAACP react to the new Social Security Law?
Immediately after the law was passed by Roosevelt the NAACP began protesting, claiming that the new American safety net which is Social Security is “a sieve with holes just big enough for the majority of Negroes to fall through.” It is also important to acknowledge what this exclusion of farm and domestic workers means.